Question: Regulations When Using Surface Water For Public Supply?

What laws and regulations are in place to protect ocean waters that are fed by the streams and rivers?


  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Marine Protection Research and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA)
  • Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)
  • Shore Protection Act (SPA)

How does EPA protect surface waters?

EPA has developed the Surface Water Treatment Rules (SWTRs) to improve your drinking water quality. To protect public health, drinking water from lakes, rivers streams and some other sources needs to be treated. This treatment includes disinfection and, in most cases, filtration.

What are the laws that protect our water supply?

The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) of 1974 and its amendments establishes the basic framework for protecting the drinking water used by public water systems in the United States. This law contains requirements for ensuring the safety of the nation’s public drinking water supplies.

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Does surface water need to be treated?

Normally the surface water needs to be treated before it has the required water quality. Surface water typically contains a high suspended solids content, bacteria, algae, organic matter, creating bad taste and odour.

What level of government is responsible for water supply?

The federal government has undisputed sovereignty to develop and manage navigation on interstate or international bodies of water used for commerce. Conversely, primarily state or local governments govern intrastate water quantity and quality issues.

Who has jurisdiction over rivers?

California Public Resources Code, Section 6301 – States the “ California State Lands Commission has exclusive jurisdiction over all ungranted tidelands and submerged lands owned in the state and the beds of navigable rivers, streams, lakes, bays, estuaries, inlets and straits, including tidelands and submerged lands or

How is surface water treated?

Water is passed through a filter made of sand, coal particles or similar materials that removes particles such as silt, other very fine solids, and some pathogens not settled in the sedimentation process. Filtration further reduces turbidity and results in water that is crystal clear.

What is surface water protection?

Surface source water protection is a 3-step process involving: delineating areas contributing water to a surface water intake, identifying potential contaminant sources that may threaten the water supply, and protecting the supply using a combination of watershed management strategies for specific communities or

What is surface water examples?

Surface water is any body of water above ground, including streams, rivers, lakes, wetlands, reservoirs, and creeks. The ocean, despite being saltwater, is also considered surface water.

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How can we protect water supply?

Easy Things You Can Do To Protect Drinking Water Sources

  1. Properly dispose of hazardous products Put up signs.
  2. Use and dispose of harmful materials properly.
  3. Volunteer in your community.
  4. Join in a beach, stream or wetland cleanup.
  5. Prepare a presentation about your watershed for a school or civic organization.

Why do we need to protect our water supply?

Whether your drinking water comes from a lake, river, reservoir, or groundwater, it is important to protect the source from contamination. One of the best ways to protect your drinking water is to prevent pollution from getting into your drinking water source.

Who controls the water supply?

Most Americans are served by publicly owned water and sewer utilities. Public water systems, which serve more than 25 customers or 15 service connections, are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state agencies under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA).

How do you make surface water drinkable?

Boiling: Boiling is the best way to kill disease-causing organisms, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites. The high temperature and time spent boiling are very important to effectively kill the organisms in the water. Boiling will also effectively treat water if it is still cloudy or murky.

What is the correct sequence of the 7 surface water treatment procedures?

These include: (1) Collection; (2) Screening and Straining; (3) Chemical Addition; (4) Coagulation and Flocculation; (5) Sedimentation and Clarification; (6) Filtration; (7) Disinfection; (8) Storage; (9) and finally Distribution.

What are the water treatment processes for runoff?

Community Water Treatment

  • Coagulation and Flocculation. Coagulation and flocculation are often the first steps in water treatment.
  • Sedimentation. During sedimentation, floc settles to the bottom of the water supply, due to its weight.
  • Filtration.
  • Disinfection.

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